A durable peace will require pluralism -- UN envoy
Long-term consequencesYemenis have raised concerns with the UN Envoy over the systematic erosion of fundamental rights and State institutions as well as a generation of children traumatized by war who lack basic education, he said. “Ending the war is, therefore, only a first, but an essential step in a long recovery that includes healing societal wounds that are deepening with each day the conflict continues”.
Bridging a growing gapNoting a widening gap in trust between the warring parties, Mr. Grundberg observed that “a durable solution can only be achieved through a comprehensive negotiated political settlement”. He said that “there should be no preconditions” for urgent political talks and stressed that humanitarian actions “not be used as political leverage”. “Dialogue and compromise are the only sustainable way forward…[and] measures to mitigate the immediate impact of the conflict on civilians are of paramount importance”, the UN envoy spelled out. In addition to paying salaries, roads in Taiz, Marib and elsewhere need to be opened and restrictions lifted on fuel and goods through the crucial Red Sea port of Hudaydah, where most goods into Yemen must pass. These steps, which can “tangibly improve” lives in the immediate term, must be addressed urgently by the parties, and need to be encouraged by the international community, particularly regional Member States, he said.
‘Epicentre’ of warMr. Grundberg told ambassadors that military escalation on the ground has taken “an alarming turn” as Marib and its surroundings remain the “epicentre of the war”, leaving thousands of people in a desperate situation. “We reiterate the call on all parties to facilitate safe, timely and sustained humanitarian access to the affected areas”, he said, calling on “all parties to de-escalate”.
Rampant violationsAt the same time, public executions, enforced disappearances, killings, and the use of live ammunition against protestors are leaving a widespread legacy of human rights violations. Despite continuing impunity, lack of culpability and the failure to renew the mandate of the , Mr. Grundberg said that the UN would “continue to press for accountability”. While visiting Aden, he underscored the importance of economic recovery and basic service delivery but observed that sustainable improvements would be impossible unless political actors work across the political divide. Pointing to serious security incidents across the south, including an assassination attempt on Government officials, the UN envoy called the current situation “untenable”, stressing the importance of implementing the to end infighting between the Government and separatist allies in the south of the country.
is growing more violent by the day. Fighting in Marib & elsewhere is taking terrible toll on civilians. Meanwhile, humanitarians are running out of funds & will soon have to cut programs for millions. My remarks today to the : — Ramesh Rajasingham (@rajasingham_UN)