Watch: What Is Mucormycosis Or Black Fungus, Affecting Covid-19 Patients?

Watch the video to understand the rare but dangerous black fungal infection caused in COVID-19 patients. Also, find out how to prevent exposure to it and how to treat it.

A big rise in cases of mucormycosis or black fungus has been reported among those who are suffering from COVID-19 or have recovered from the novel coronavirus. Gujarat, with 100 cases, has reported the highest number of confirmed cases, with Surat accounting for 40 cases (eight of whom lost their eyesight) in 15 days. Maharashtra follows with 52 deaths and health minister Rajesh Tope says there could be 2,000 unconfirmed cases in the state. Others, like Rajasthan, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Delhi, and Madhya Pradesh, too, have been reporting a small number of cases.  Dr. Yuvraj Jadega posted a video message explaining the must-know facts about black fungus.

Mucormycosis is a serious but rare fungal infection that is mainly caused in people with chronic health conditions like diabetes and HIV. This disease is also caused in people with low immunity. The group of molds Mucormycetes that cause this black fungus live throughout the environment and is ubiquitous in nature. They can be found in soil, garbage, or anywhere they find a favourable environment to grow. Thus, if a person with low immunity inhales these molds, then he can get infected. It is primarily caused in people who have undergone oxygen therapy, have been on a ventilator, or have been treated with long-time steroids.

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Signs and Symptoms

  • Itching around nose and eye area
  • Fever
  • Blackness around eye and nose area
  • Stuffed nose
  • Nose discharge which is blackish or blood coming out in mucus form
  • Headache
  • Swelling in eyes
  • Pain in cheekbones and jaws
  • Sever cough (Black or brown or blood coming out through coughing)
  • Breathlessness

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Black fungus can be treated by an ENT specialist. He will take a fungal infection test to confirm whether its black fungus or not. Biopsy and MRI would also be conducted to know the spread of the infection. This can be cured through anti-fungal antibiotics in early stages. For severe infections, sugery might be advised by the doctor.

If you are someone who is COVID-19 positive, check your sugar levels. People can also prevent it by cleaning their water and  AC filters and also wearing gloves while dumping garbage or working in the soil.

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